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医药车间废气的净化处理

时间:2019/12/25   来源:东贝环保   访问量:14 次

安徽快3WOGUOYIYAOHUAGONGXINGYEFAZHANXUNSU,YICHENGWEISHIJIESHANGYUANLIAOYAOHEYIYAOZHONGJIANTIDESHENGCHANDAGUO,QICHANSHENGDEFEIQIWURANWUDAZHIFENWEI


近年来,我国医药化工行业发展迅速,已成为世界上原料药和医药中间体的生产大国,其产生的废气污染物大致分为发酵尾气(主要为酸性气体)、溶剂气体(统称为挥发性有机物,VolatileOrganicCompounds,以下简称为VOCs)和恶臭气体。医药生产的废气主要特点为排放量大,浓度低,处理成本高。随着各国对环境质量要求的不断提高,对废气排放规定了更严格的排放界限值。


安徽快3  BENWENJIEHEYAOCHANGFEIQI(ZHUYAOSHIYICHUN,SHUYUVOCs)CHULIDESHIJIANLI,JIESHAOFEIQICHULISHEJIDEJINGYAN。YOUYUYICHUNZHONGDETANQINGHUAHEWU,HUIZHUYANGGUANG(ZIWAIGUANG)ZUOYONGXIAFASHENGGUANGHUAXUEFANYINGSHENGCHENGERCIWURANWU,XINGCHENGYANWUWURANXIANXIANG。SUOYIDALIANGDEVOCsPAIFANGHUIDUIHUANJINGJIRENQUNDOUHUICHANSHENGBULIANGYINGXIANG。WEICIBIXUDUIFEIQIJINXINGJINGHUACHULI,XIAOCHUGUANGHUAXUEYANWUDEYINHUANHOUCAIKEPAIFANG。


  1VOCs废气净化技术的分类


安徽快3  SUIZHESHIDAIHEKEJIDEFAZHAN,FEIQICHULIGONGYIYEJINGLIZHEBUDUANFAZHANDEGUOCHENG。MUQIANYOUJIFEIQIDEJINGHUAFANGFA,CONGKAISHICAIYONGDESHUIXIFA,ZHUBUFAZHANCHUYIXILIEDEFANGFABINGQIEYIZAIGONGYESHENGCHANHUODECHENGGONGYINGYONG。ANQIGONGZUOYUANLI,FENWEIWULI、HUAXUE、SHENGWUDENGJINGHUAFANGFA,JI:


  (1)RELIXUEFANGFA


  LIRULENGNING、XISHOU、XIFUHEMOFENLIDENG(XIFUHEXISHOUKEYISHIHUAXUEHUOWULIDE)。


  (2)HUAXUEFANGFA


安徽快3  LIRURANSHAOFA,JIYANGHUAFA(ZHIJIERANSHAO、RELIRANSHAO、CUIHUARANSHAO、XURESHIRELIRANSHAO)


  (3)SHENGHUAFANGFA(YECHENGSHENGWUJIANGJIEFAHUOSHENGWUCUIHUAFA)


安徽快3  LIRU:SHENGWUGUOLV、SHENGHUAXIDIHESHENGHUAMOFENLIDENG】。


安徽快3  JIUHUANBAO、JINGJIERLUN,RUGUOVOCsDEJIAZHIJIAOGAO,ERQIEYOUKENENGHUISHOU,ZEYINGJINKENENGJIANGQIHUISHOUZAILIYONG,YINCICONGZHEIYIYISHANGJIANG,YOUJIFEIQIDEJINGHUAFANGFAYEKEFENWEI:


  (1)HUISHOUFA


安徽快3  LIRUXIFUFENLIFA,LENGNINGFAHEMOFENLIFADENG。


  (2)ZHUANHUAFA(YOUCHENGPOHUAIFA)


  JIANGVOCsZHUANHUAWEIWUHAIWUZHI,LIRURANSHAOFAHESHENGHUAFA。


安徽快3  YIXIAZHUYIJIESHAOYIXIECHANGYONGDEJINGHUAFANGFA:


  (1)XISHOUFA


  XISHOUJINGHUAFASHIFEIQIZHILIZHONGYIZHONGZHONGYAODECHANGYONGDEFANGFA,TASHILIYONGFEIQIZHONGGEHUNHEZUFENZAIXUANDINGDEXISHOUJIZHONGRONGJIEDUDEBUTONG,HUOQIZHONGYIZHONGHUODUOZHONGZUFENYUXISHOUJIZHONGHUOXINGZUFENJIEHE,JIANGYOUHAIWUCONGFEIQIZHONGFENLICHULAI、JINGHUAFEIQIMUDEDEYIZHONGFANGFA。


  XISHOUFASHIYONGDEXISHOUSHEBEIZHUYAOYOUPENLINXIDIQI、PAOMOXIDIQI、WENSHIGUANXIDIQIDENG。XISHOUFADETYILIUCHENGHESHIFACHUCHENGONGYIJINSI,ZHISHISHIFACHUCHENDINGQIYONGQINGSHUI,ERXISHOUFAJINGHUAYOUHAIQITIYAOYONGRONGJIHUOXISHOURONGYE。


安徽快3  XISHOUFADEYOUDIANSHIJIHUKEYICHULIGEZHONGYOUHAIQITI,SHIYONGFANWEIHENGUANG,BINGKEHUISHOUYOUJIAZHIDECHANPIN。QUEDIANSHIGONGYIBIJIAOFUZA,XISHOUXIAOLVYOUSHIBUGAO,XISHOUYEXUYAOZAICICHULI,FOUZEHUIZAOCHENGFEISHUIDEWURAN。


安徽快3  (2)HUOXINGTANXIFUFA


  XIFUSHIYIZHONGGUTIBIAOMIANXIANXIANG,SHILIYONGDUOKONGXINGGUTIXIFUJICHULIQITAIWURANWU,SHIQIZHONGDEYIZHONGHUOJIZHONGZUFEN,ZAIFENZIYINLIHUOHUAXUEJIANLIDEZUOYONGXIA,BEIXIFUZAIGUTIBIAOMIAN,CONGERDADAOFENLIDEMUDE。QIZHONGYINGYONGJIAOWEIGUANGFANDESHIHUOXINGTAN。


安徽快3  HUOXINGTANDUIDUIBEN、JIABEN、ERJIABEN、YICHUN、YIMI、MEIYOU、QIYOU、BENYIXI、LVYIXIDENGWUZHIDOUYOUXIFUGONGNENG。GAIFAJUYOUJIAOGAODEXIAOLV,DANHUOXINGTANXIFUDAOYIDINGLIANGSHIHUIDADAOBAOHE,JIUBIXUZAISHENGHUOGENGHUANHUOXINGTAN,YINCIYUNXINGCHENGBENJIAOGAO。ZHEIZHONGFANGFACHANGYONGYUDINONGDUFEIQIHETUOCHOUDEHOUCHULI。


  (3)SHENGWUCHUCHOUFA


安徽快3  SHENGWUCHUCHOUFASHITONGGUOWEISHENGWUDESHENGLIDAIXIEJIANGJUYOUCHOUWEIDEWUZHIJIAYIZHUANHUA,DADAOCHUCHOUDEMUDE。MUQIANGUONEIWAIWUSHUICHULICHANGHEWUSHUIBENGFANGCAIYONGSHENGWUFACHULIFEIQIDEFANGFAZHUYAOYOUTURANGTUOCHOUFA、SHENGWULVCHIFAHESHENGWUDILVTADENG,ZHILIXIAOGUOJIAOHAO。


安徽快3  (4)DIWENDENGLIZITIJISHU


  DENGLIZITISHIJIGUTAI、YETAI、QITAIZHIHOUDEWUZHIDISITAI,DANGWAIJIADIANYADADAOQITIDEFANGDIANDIANYASHI,QITIBEIJICHUAN,CHANSHENGBAOKUODIANZI、GEZHONGLIZI、YUANZIHEZIYOUJIZAINEIDEHUNHETI。FANGDIANGUOCHENGZHONGSUIRANDIANZIWENDUHENGAO,DANZHONGLIZIWENDUHENDI,ZHENGGETIXICHENGXIANDIWENZHUANGTAI,SUOYICHENGWEIDIWENDENGLIZITI。DIWENDENGLIZITIJIANGJIEWURANWUSHILIYONGZHEIXIENENGDIANZI、ZIYOUJIDENGHUOXINGLIZIHEFEIQIZHONGDEWURANWUZUOYONG,SHIWURANWUFENZIZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIFASHENGFENJIEDENGLIZITIQUCHUWURANWU。GAIFANGFAJUYOUCHULIXIAOGUOHAO,YUNXINGFEIYONGDILIAN、WUERCIWURAN、YUNXINGWENDING、CAOZUOGUANLIJIANBIAN、JIKAIJIYONGDENGYOUDIAN。


  (5)ZIWAIGUANG(Ultravioletlight,JIANCHENGUV)CUIHUAYANGHUA


安徽快3  FEIQIDEZIWAIGUANGJIECUIHUAYANGHUAJILIBAOKUOLIANGGEGUOCHENG:YISHIZAICHANSHENGGAONENGLIZIQUNTIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YIDINGSHULIANGDEYOUHAIQITIFENZISHOUGAONENGZUOYONG,BENSHENFENJIECHENGDANZHIHUOZHUANHUAWEIWUHAIWUZHI。ERSHIHANYOUDALIANGGAONENGLIZIHEGAOHUOXINGDEZIYOUJIDELIZIQUNTI,YUFENZIQITI(RUHS、JIABENDENG)ZUOYONG,DAKAILEQIFENZINEIBUDEHUAXUEJIAN,ZHUANHUAWEIWUHAIWUZHI。XINSHENGTAIDEYANGLIZIJUYOUHENQIANGDEYANGHUAXING,NENGYOUXIAODIYANGHUAFENJIEBUSHOUFULIZIZUOYONGKONGZHIDEYOUJIWU。YUFEIQIFANYINGHOUDUOYUDEYANGLIZI(ZHENG),NENGYUYANGLIZI(FU)HENKUAIJIEHECHENGZHONGXINGYANG。


  ZIWAIGUANGCUIHUASHICHANGWENSHENDUFANYINGJISHU。GUANGCUIHUAYANGHUAKEZAISHIWENXIAJIANGSHUI、KONGQIHETURANGZHONGYOUJIWURANWUYANGHUACHENGWUDUWUHAIDECHANWU。


  (6)RTO(RegenerativeThermalOxidizer,JIANCHENGRTO)


  RTOJIZAISHENGREYANGHUAFENJIEQI,YOUCHENGXURESHIFENSHAOQI。JIBENYUANLISHIZAIGAOWENXIA(≥760℃)JIANGYOUJIFEIQIYANGHUASHENGCHENGCO2HEH2O,CONGERJINGHUAFEIQI,BINGHUISHOUFENJIESHISUOSHICHUDERELIANG,YIDADAOHUANBAOJIENENGDESHUANGZHONGMUDE。RTOSHIYIZHONGYONGYUCHULIZHONGGAONONGDUHUIFAXINGYOUJIFEIQIDEJIENENGXINGHUANBAOZHUANGZHI。RTOZHUTIJIEGOUYOURANSHAOSHI、TAOCITIANLIAOCHUANGHEQIEHUANFADENGZUCHENG。GAIZHUANGZHIZHONGDEXURESHITAOCITIANCHONGCHUANGHUANREQIKESHIRENENGDEDAOJIAODAXIANDUDEHUISHOU,REHUISHOULVDAYU95%,CHULIVOCsSHIBUYONGHUOSHIYONGHENSHAODERANLIAO。RUOCHULIDINONGDUFEIQI,KEXUANZHUANGNONGSUOZHUANGZHI,YIJIANGDIRANSHAOXIAOHAO。


  RTOCHULIJISHUSHIYONGYUYOUJIFEIQI、TUZHUANGFEIQI、ECHOUFEIQIDENGFEIQIJINGHUACHULI;SHIYONGYUFEIQICHENGFENJINGCHANGFASHENGBIANHUAHUOFEIQIZHONGHANYOUSHICUIHUAJIZHONGDUHUOHUOXINGSHUAITUIDECHENGFEN(RUSHUIYIN,XI,XINDENGDEJINSHUZHENGQIHELIN、LINHUAWU,SHENDENG,RONGYISHICUIHUAJISHIQUHUOXING;HANLUSUHEDALIANGDESHUIZHENGQIDEQINGXING),HANYOULUSUTANQINGHUAHEWUJIQITAJUYOUFUSHIXINGDEYOUJIQITI。


  JINGHUALVGAO,JINGHUALVYIBANZAI98%YISHANG。KESHIXIANQUANZIDONGHUAKONGZHI,CAOZUOJIANDAN,YUNXINGWENDING,ANQUANKEKAOXINGGAO。XURESHINEIWENDUJUNYUNFENJIZENGJIA,JIAQIANGLELUNEICHUANRE,HUANREXIAOGUOGENGJIA,LUTANGRONGJIXIAO,JIANGDILESHEBEIDEZAOJIA。CAIYONGFENJIRANSHAOJISHU,YANHUANZHUANGRANSHAOXIASHICHURENENG;LUNEISHENGWENYUN,SHAOSUNDI,JIAREXIAOGUOHAO,BUCUNZAICHUANTONGRANSHAOGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANDEJUBUGAOWENGAOYANGQU,YIZHILERELIXINGDANYANGHUAWU(NO)DESHENGCHENG,WUERCIWURAN。


  2废气净化技术方案设计


  2.1ANLIBEIJING


安徽快3  YONGHU:JIANGSUTAIZHOUYIYAOGAOXINQUMOUZHIYAO500QIANGQIYE


  DAICHULIVOCsCHENGFEN:C,HOH,YICHUN


安徽快3  FEIQICHANSHENGYUANYINJICHANSHENGWEIZHI:GUTIZHIJISHENGCHANGONGYIZHONG,SHIYONG8TAIHONGXIANGDUIYAOFENJINXINGGANZAO。WEIGANZAOQIANYAOFENZHONGHANDALIANGYICHUNRONGJI,YICHUNJUYOUHUIFAXING,ZAIHONGGANGUOCHENGZHONGHUIYIVOCsDEXINGSHISUIFEIQIPAICHU。


安徽快3  WEIQIPAIFANGLIANG:12860nl/h


  JINQINONGDU:0.42%kg/kg


安徽快3  VOCsJINQIWENDU:~38℃


  2.2SHEJIYIJU


  (1)《中华人民共和国大气污染物综合排放标准》(GB16297-1996);


  (2)《中华人民共和国工业企业厂界噪声标准》(GB3096—93);


安徽快3  (3)《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOHUNZHUANGZHIJILEIZHIYAORANWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN》(GB21908-2008);


  (4)TAIZHOUDIQUQIXIANGZILIAO。


  2.3SHEJIFANGANSHAIXUAN


安徽快3  FEIQIZHUYAOCHENGFENWEIYICHUN,QIEJUYOUYIXIATEXING:①FENGLIANGDA,DANSHIBUTONGSHIDUANFENGLIANGBUWENDING;②NONGDUDI;③KEQUANRONGYUSHUI;④KERANSHAO。YICIWEIYIJU,DUIXIALIESANZHONGJINGHUAFANGANJUNJINYIBUJIAYIPINGGU。


  2.3.1XISHOUFA(XIDITA)


安徽快3  FEIQIYUSHUIJIECHU,FEIQIZHONGDEYICHUNKEWANQUANRONGJIEDAOSHUIZHONG,JINGJINGHUAHOUDEQITIZECONGTADINGPAIFANGDAODAQIZHONG,CHANGYONGSHEBEIWEIJIUJINGXIDITA。


  SHEJIFANGAN:FEIQIJINGHUANREQIJIANGWENZHI30cC,JIANGWENKEYIDADATIGAOXISHOUXIAOLV,FEIQIJINGFENGJISHUSONGJINRUXIDITADIBU,NILIUERSHANGYUSHUICHONGFENJIECHUHOUCONGDINGBUPAICHU。SHUIZECONGDINGBUPENLINERXIA,ZAITIANLIAOBIAOMIANXINGCHENGBOMO,YUFEIQICHONGFENJIECHU,SHIFEIQIZHONGDEYICHUNRONGJIEDAOSHUIZHONG,SHUNLIUERXIA,CONGTADIPAICHU。



  JINGMONIHEJISUAN,TAJING=1.4m,TIANLIAOGAODU=5.575SHI3.136=8.711m,ZONGGAO(TIANLIAOGAODU+FENPEI+DINGBU+DIBU)l5m,TIANLIAOCAILIAOWEIMellapakDINGM250。


  ANYISHANGTIAOJIAN,JISUANCHUXINXIANSHUIBUJILIANG=7t/h,XUNHUANSHUILIANG=15t/h。PAICHUSHUIHANYICHUNDENONGDUC=I.5%。


  JINGHUAXIAOLV≥95%


安徽快3  TOUZICHENGBEN:50WANRENMINBI


  评价:塔底排出的水是含高BOD的污水,后续必须对其进行处理,处理量=7t/h×24h=168t。需要额外提高处理成本和增加配套水处理设备。故不采用该方案。 


  2.3.2UVGUANGCUIHUAYANGHUAJISHU


安徽快3  YICHUNDEGUANGHUAXUEFANYINGRUXIA:



安徽快3  YICHUNDEFENZIJIANNENGBUGAORONGYIBEIYANGHUA,YOUYUFENZIJIEGOUCUNZAIQIANGJI,DANGSHUANGTANJIANDUANKAI,TANLIZIJIRONGYIHEQIANGJIJIEHESHENGCUNJIACHUN(JIAQUAN),YINCIBIXUJINXINGYANZHANGYANGHUA(ERJICHULI),FEIQIJINGGUOXIANWEIGUOLVDUAN,BUZHUOPM2.5YISHANGKELIWUYIJIGONGYIZHONGCHANSHENGDEGUOLIANGSHUIFEN,TONGSHIQIDAOSHAOLIANGXISHOUWURANWUDEMUDE;GUOLVHOUDEWURANWUYINRUYIJIGUANGJIEZHUANGZHI,ZAIQIANGZIWAIXIANDEZHAOSHEZHONG,JUEDADUOSHUDEYICHUNFENZIJIANFASHENGBUFENDEBIANHUA(YICHUNFENZIDEJIANNENGXIAOYU185B1TIGUANGBODEGUANGZINENGLIANG),TONGSHIQIANGZIWAIXIANXUNSUFENJIEKONGQIZHONGDEYANGQI、SHUI,CHANSHENGDALIANGO,、O、YIOH、H:ODENGQIANGYANGHUAJI;JINGGUOYIJIGUANGJIEDEHUNHEWUYINRUERJIYANGHUAZHUANGZHI,HUNHEWUZAI254~330nmZIWAIXIANZHAOSHECUIHUAXIA,XUNSUFANYING、CHEDIFANYING,SHENGCHENGCO、HO,BUFENYANGHUAZAIPAIFANGGUANLUZHONGYANXU。ZAIPEITAOPENLINTAJINXINGQIYEJIECHUCHONGFENHUNHE、JIECHU、JIXUFASHENGHURONG。JINGHUAHOUDEJIEJINGKONGQIKEZHIJIEPAIRENDAQIZHONG。CIFAZAIGAIYONGHUJITUANGUONEILINGYIFENCHANGYITOURUSHIYONGDUONIAN,YONGHUFANKUISHIYONGXIAOGUOLIANGHAO。


  SHEJIFANGAN:CAIYONG“UVCUIHUA+XIKONGPENLINTASHUIXI”GONGYI。



安徽快3  JINGMONIHEJISUAN,XUANZE2TAOWAIXINGCHICUNWEI1800mmx1500innqx4600mlTlDEZHUANGZHIBIJIAOHESHI。MEITAOZHUANGZHIDUIYINGCHULI4TAIHONGXIANGGANZAOGUOCHENGSUOCHANSHENGDEFEIQI。DUIYINGXUYAOXINXIANSHUIBUJI:0.12t/h,GAIFANGFAZHONGWUSHUIKEZHIJIEPAIFANG。


  JINGHUAXIAOLV≥90%


安徽快3  TOUZICHENGBEN:110WANRENMINBI


  PINGJIA:UV+PENLINYIWEIZHEuVBUNENGMANZUCHULIXIAOLV,ERZAI2.3.1ZHONGWOMENZHIDAOJINPENLINJIUKEYIDADAOFEIQICHULIXIAO